The Great Atlantic Garbage Patch
Our oceans have a pollution problem. Over a decade ago, the North Pacific Gyre was discovered harboring untold tons of plastic trash, and quickly became known as the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch.” It was a shocking wake up call to the world which showed that even the most remote corners of the global were not immune to our throw away culture.
There marc jacobs are five main gyres in Earth’s oceans. In January, members of the ocean advocacy group 5 Gyres set out to chart the North Atlantic Gyre. Virgin Islands and Bermuda.
But no one had ever looked for it before.
No sooner had the first trawling net been raised from the water than the crew’s worst fears were confirmed: plastic.
The material’s pervasiveness struck Stiv Wilson who, as he says, “began the cruise an independent journalist, and ended it a board member of 5 Gyres.”
“If you look for it, you will find plastic everywhere, in or out of the gyres,” Wilson said. “If you go two miles off the coast of San Francisco and trawl you will find it. It’s denser in the gyres, but it’s every marc jacobs where.”
Sampling by Hand
Most of the brown gunk in this image is natural. It’s sargassum algae, which gives the North Atlantic Gyre its other name: Sargasso Sea.
But the white flecks researchers are reaching for are chunks of plastic floating near the surface. Contrary to what many people think, ocean “garbage patches” are really more like thin stews of pollution. All shapes and sizes of plastic trash hang in the water column, sometimes very spread out, sometimes arranged by wind patterns into dense lines that extend to the horizon.
The Little Stuff
In amongst small fry lanternfish are blue flecks of plastic, and even a few BB sized pellets of “nurdles” bits of virgin plastic that fell off a freighter or were washed down a river and into the ocean before they were ever made into a product.
“As I like to say, ‘shit rolls downhill, and at the very bottom of the hill are the oceans,'” Wilson said. Major rivers like the Columbia and the Mississippi can carry huge amounts of plastics into the oceans, where they remain permanently.
Once in the open ocean, plastic may be mistaken for food by fish like the lanternfish. Scientists don’t know how often this happens, but they worry that chemicals trapped in plastic could leach into animal tissues and begin a slow march up the food web.
Sea birds, large ocean predators even people may be having this stuff for lunch without even knowing it.
Along for the ride was Dutch artist Maarten vanden Eynde (left), who is collecting material to build a reef 40 meters long by 10 meters wide (131 x 33 feet) out of plastic removed from the ocean.
He was not disappointed. The expedition collected 876 pounds of plastic, some of it from beaches in the Virgin Islands and Bermuda, but mostly from the open ocean.
That included what Stiv Wilson called “his favorite piece of plastic” (right) a small fleck with the word “from” still visible, looking like a fractured message from whoever discarded it.
Like the name says, the goal of 5 Gyres is to explore all five of Earth’s main ocean gyres. So far the North Atlantic and Pacific gyres are the only ones to marc jacobs have been extensively surveyed.
But Wilson said that his colleagues have found plastic in the Indian Ocean gyre during a recent preliminary cruise.
“The problem is growing at marc jacobs an alarming rate,” he said. The only way to stop it is a dramatic reduction of the plastic we use today, especially single use items like coffe cup lids, grogery bags, and soda straws.
“You’re not seeing car bumpers out there,” Wilson said. “It sounds trite, but really what’s needed is a grassroots effort to reduce our addiction to single use plastics.”