The History Of Ballooning
In the late 1700s, two French papermakers, Jacques Etienne and Joseph Montgolfier, began experimenting with hot air balloons. At first they filled paper bags with smoke, because they thought smoke would cause the bags to rise. On June 4, 1783, the brothers sent a large smoke filled balloon into the air over Annonay, France. Three months later, a balloon was sent aloft with a duck, rooster, and a sheep as passengers. That flight lasted eight minutes, and the animals were safely recovered.On Oct. 15, 1783, a French scientist, Jean Francois Pilatre de Rozier became the first person to make a flight in a balloon when he rose 80 feet in a captive Montgolfier balloon. Pilatre de Rozier and the Marquis Francois Laurent d’Arlandes made the first free flight in a Montgolfier balloon on Nov. 21, 1783. They rose to 300 feet in a 25 minute flight over Paris.Ballooning soon became a fad in Europe. On Jan. 7, 1785, Jean Pierre Blanchard, a French balloonist, and an American doctor named John Jeffries made the first balloon flight across the English Channel. Blanchard also made the first balloon flight in the United States, which wa marc jacobs s observed by President George Washington.In 1794, the French used captive balloons as observation platforms to report on enemy movements during warfare.During the Civil War in the United States, American balloonist Thaddeus Lowe organized and directed a balloon corps for the Union Army. In 1870 1871, balloons were used by the French as a means to communicate during the Franco Prussian War. During World War I the balloons were used by the Allies and the enemy. In World War II, balloon barrages were used by the Allies as well as the Axis countries.Balloons have been used for research, manned exploration of the stratosphere, meteorology studies, and as platforms for parachute jumps.Gas and hot air balloons are at present used for sports and commercial ballooning. Many balloonists take part in races and rallies, while others like to drift over the countryside. Balloon pilots must be at least 16 years old, have 10 hours flight time with a qualified instructor, and pass a written examination to qualify for a license by the Federal Aviation Administration.In 1976, three Americans, Ben Abruzzo, Maxie Anderson, and Larry Newman, became the first persons to cross the Atlantic Ocean in a balloon when marc jacobs they journeyed from Presque Isle, Me. to a site 60 miles west of Paris, France. The first transcontinental balloon flight for the United States was made by Maxie Anderson and his son Kris, who flew from Fort Baker, Calif. to Matane, Qu marc jacobs ebec. The first trans Pacific flight was completed on Nov. 12 marc jacobs , 1981, when Ben Abruzzo, Larry Newman, Ron Clark, and Rocky Aoki landed in Covelo, Calif., after a nonstop flight from Nagashima, Japan.